Charlottesville, VA city code regarding Animal Cruelty
(a) Any person who:
(2) Deprives any animal of necessary food, drink, shelter; or (4) in any way furthers any act of cruelty to any animal; or (5) carries or cause to be carried in any vehicle… in a cruel, brutal or inhumane manner, so as to produce torture or unnecessary suffering; or (6) causes any of the above things, or being the owner of such animal, permits such acts to be done by another, shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to place or confine an animal or allow an animal to be placed or confined in a motor vehicle under such conditions or for such a period of time as to endanger the health or well-being of such animal due to temperature, lack of food or drink, or such other conditions as may reasonably be expected to cause suffering, disability, or death. After making a reasonable effort to find the driver of a vehicle in which an animal is confined, the animal control officer or other law enforcement officer may use the least intrusive means to enter the vehicle if necessary to remove the animal, where reasonable cause exists to believe the animal may die if not immediately removed.
(b) The animal control officer or law enforcement officer removing the animal shall then impound the animal and leave in a prominent place on the motor vehicle a written notice of the animal’s impoundment and where and when the animal may be reclaimed. The owner or person reclaiming the animal shall be responsible for any costs associated with the removal, impoundment and treatment of the animal.